Bipolar
What is Bipolar?

Bipolar disorders, also known as manic-depressive illness, are disorders that cause changes in a person’s mood, energy, activity levels, and ability to function.
People with bipolar disorders have periods of normal moods that are interrupted by episodes of extreme emotional states. These intense mood episodes are categorized as manic, hypo manic, and depressive.

Signs and Symptoms

Symptoms and their severity vary from person to person. When making a diagnosis, we look for symptoms that indicate the person has experienced dramatic changes in mood, energy, sleep, and behavior. People who have bipolar disorder will have episodes in which they feel overly happy and energized and episodes of feeling very sad and sluggish. In between these episodes they usually feel normal.

Manic Episode

To be diagnosed with bipolar disorder, a person must have experienced at least one manic or hypo manic episode. The first manic episode can start anytime from early childhood to later adulthood, but most often happens around the age of eighteen. People experiencing a manic episode will have more energy than usual and be very high spirited or extremely irritable for a period of at least one week. They will also demonstrate a minimum of three of the following, showing a change in behavior:
• Trouble sleeping, less need for sleep
• Feeling wired or restless
• Feeling elated
• Being agitated and/or irritable
• Talking more than usual
• Talking loudly and/or rapidly
• Distracted easily
• Increased activity levels, doing many activities at once, over scheduling
• Increased risky behavior (e.g., reckless sex, reckless driving, spending lots of money)
• Unusually high sex drive
• Uncontrollable racing thoughts
• Quickly changing ideas or topics
• Exaggerated self-esteem or grandiosity
• Being more impulsive than usual
• Drug and/or alcohol abuse

Everyone experiences mood swings and changes in behavior. In a manic episode, the symptoms are so severe that they cause issues at work or with family and friends. The symptoms are obvious and often worry friends, family, and coworkers.

Hypomanic Episode:

A major depressive episode is a period of at least two weeks in which a person has at least five of the following symptoms, including one of the first two in the list:
• Intense sadness or despair; feeling helpless, hopeless or worthless
• Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed
• Feeling guilty
• Feeling worried
• Feeling empty
• Becoming forgetful
• Changes in sleep patterns such as sleeping too little or too much
• Feeling restless or agitated
• Slowed speech or movements
• Eating too much or too little
• Energy loss, fatigue
• Difficulty making decisions
• Frequent thoughts of death or suicide
• Decreased activity levels
• Difficulty concentrating

The Four Basic Types of Bipolar Disorder?

• Bipolar I disorder
• Bipolar II disorder
• Cyclothymic disorder
• Unspecified bipolar and related disorders

All four types of bipolar disorder involve changes in mood,energy, and activity levels at varying degrees.

Bipolar I Disorder

To be diagnosed with bipolar I disorder, someone must have a manic episode that lasts at least seven days, or have manic symptoms so severe that a person requires immediate hospitalization. Usually depressive episodes occur as well but they are not necessary for diagnosis.

Bipolar II Disorder

With bipolar II disorder, people experience depressive episodes interspersed with hypomanic episodes.

Cyclothymic disorder

Cyclothymic disorder is a milder form of bipolar disorder. People diagnosed with cyclothymia experience a chronically unstable mood state with alternating hypomania and depression symptoms for at least two years but they are less severe than in bipolar I or bipolar II.

Other Specified and Unspecified

Those who do not meet the diagnosis criteria for bipolar I, bipolar II, or cyclothymic disorder but still experience significant mood swings and mood elevation will be diagnosed with Bipolar disorder “other specified” or “unspecified”.

Family Members: Support and Education

The patient’s family is an essential part of their treatment team at AMHRTF. Family support of someone with mental illness can reduce the rate of re-hospitalization by up to 75 percent over a three-year period (SAMHSA). Our families are also in need of recovery, support, and the tools to care for their loved one. Strong families help support strong recoveries.

Community Mental Health
substance abuse
Counseling
ANXIETY TREATMENT

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Treatment Process
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Community Mental Health
substance abuse

Book an Appointment

Contact us to learn how we can help meet your needs. Ask us how to help view your problems together, discuss and find solutions that work for you.

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Request for presentation
REQUEST FOR PRESENTATION

Our professionals are available to give a presentation to your staff/organization. Whether you are seeking information on our programs and services, referring patients or education on any mental health topic, you can count on us. Workshops can be designed to meet your specific needs.

Please fill out the form below to request a presentation. Only contact information is required. You may include information about the details of the presentation if known.

All the above trainings and workshops can be delivered at your organization. We also provide workshops and trainings of different content to suit your organization; please contact us for more details.

If you have questions or you prefer to make request by phone, please call Grace at +254 20 2716315/2651360

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Mental health awareness for staff
MENTAL HEALTH AWARENESS FOR STAFF

1 in 5 adults will experience a diagnosable mental illness in any given year. In our rush to “get it all done”at the office and at home, it’s easy to forget that as our stress levels spike, our productivity plummets. Stress can zap our concentration, make us irritable or depressed, and harm our personal and professional relationships Studies have shown being unhappy with or unfulfilled by work can take a toll on our health, relationships, and even lifespan. Understanding the impact on your company in terms of mental health care, absenteeism and lost productivity is one of the first steps to addressing mental health issues in the workplace. The bottom line is that investing in a mentally healthy workforce is good for business. AMHRTF will work with employees to provide stress screenings and information on stress reduction and early signs of mental health conditions; effective intervention programs like cognitive-behavioral therapy for stress management, programs that provide resiliency and intensive individualized support level


Get Appointment

Contact us to learn how we can help meet your needs. Ask us how to help view your problems together, discuss and find solutions that work for you.

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Mental health wellness
MENTAL HEALTH WELLNESS

One of the greatest assets and most commonly ignored for every human being is ‘peace of mind’. Peace of mind to deal with everyday life challenges and situations. They say in every situation, 50% of it is won through a calm mind and mental strength.

At Africa Mental Health Training and Research Foundation, we believe that listening is one of the best tools in the practice of mental health. By learning where clients are in their life journey, we can help them make the greatest positive impact on their own health care. Our model of practice is that every client is unique but we all have the human body’s intricate system in common. We believe that each component of this system must be in working order. If one element is not, the entire system begins to suffer. We know that with both the patient and therapist being proactive, mental ailments can be delayed or prevented.

Whether working with clients to manage conditions such as anxiety, depression, grief or psychosis, we encourage them to make a difference in their own lives. We believe that preventative health care and healthy lifestyle changes can make the biggest difference in a person’s overall health and well-being. We empower clients to be actively involved in preventative health and management of their stress.

Africa Mental Health Training and Research Foundation  provides employees, spouses, families ,children, organized groups and people from all walk of lives with convenient access to quality, affordable on-site mental care. If you are experiencing stress, relationship issues, depression or any other behavioral health issue, contact  us.

We are staffed with experienced and highly trained health care clinicians who will listen and walk with you to deal with your situation. We simply care for your mental health well being

Book an Appointment

Contact us to learn how we can help meet your needs. Ask us how to help view your problems together, discuss and find solutions that work for you.

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Work life and social life balance
WORK LIFE AND SOCIAL LIFE BALANCE

Maintaining work is not just a means of earning a living, but also plays an important part in our well being. We offer employee/peer workshops. Some of the topics we cover to enhance job retention include:

  • Reasonable adjustments
  • Positive thinking
  • Conflict resolution
  • Managing crisis
  • Confidence and self-esteem
  • Assertiveness
  • Time management
  • Nutrition
  • Exercise & relaxation

 


Book an Appointment

Contact us to learn how we can help meet your needs. Ask us how to help view your problems together, discuss and find solutions that work for you.

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Resilience
RESILIENCE

With everything going on in the world today; the toll of witnessing intense human experiences and emotions can contribute to negative transformation of one’s own sense of safety and of being competent and purposeful. This workshop will provide participants with the opportunity to examine their own experiences and become aware of the signs of both emotional and mental stress and growth.


Get Appointment

Contact us to learn how we can help meet your needs. Ask us how to help view your problems together, discuss and find solutions that work for you.

Need an Advice … Please Contact Us

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