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This was a pilot program that aimed at developing and evaluating new concepts of integrated community-based mental health services to Somali refugees in the urban refugee settlement in Kenya. The study was divided into two pilot programmes which focused on assessing information on prevalence and situation of patients with severe mental health problems and their families and also addressed the gap of treatment knowledge in the community.
The studies helped the researchers to better understand the attitudes and expectations towards and the usage of different mental healthcare services within the community, ranging from western trained doctors to traditional healers. The study also recognized that most Somali patients with severe mental disorders have a trauma-related disorders and an addiction problem, often with a multiple functional relationship in the sense that khat is used in order to self-medicate trauma-related symptoms.